Knee Arthritis is characterized by the typical arthritis symptoms. Namely, swelling in the knee joint, pain and limited range of motion.
Often called degenerative joint disease, arthritis in the knee is caused by the wearing away of the knee joint cartilage leaving bare bone which becomes painful and inflamed.
Arthritis is common in both males and females and is not limited to particular socioeconomic groups or geographical areas.
SYMPTOMS OF KNEE ARTHRITIS
Common symptoms of arthritis of the knee are reduced range of motion, swelling of the knee, sometimes joint deformity and of-course pain, especially when the knee is being used.
To get proper diagnosis and treatment of arthritis, your doctor will usually refer you to a specialist called a rheumatologist. This specialist will conduct a thorough physical examination of the knee joint concerned. In addition he will also question you about any family history or arthritis, the symptoms you are experiencing and your past medical history. He may also require blood tests to get a clear picture of the problem.
When thoroughly assessed, your rheumatologist will be able to suggest the best treatment. The primary aim is to reduce any inflammation of the knee joint and joint pain with a view to increasing knee mobility. This may encompass a special light exercise regimen, ensuring the proper amount of rest and anti-inflammatory pain relief. In very severe cases, knee replacement may be recommended.
EXERCISES FOR KNEE ARTHRITIS
Special exercise routines, formulated keeping in mind the severity of the arthritis, your age and how mobile you are can be very important in treating arthritis. It has been shown that warm showers before commencing exercise and icepack applied to muscles afterwards can be helpful in reducing discomfort from the exercise routine.
It is imperative that you get at least 8 hours of sleep each night. Your rheumatologist may also suggest the use of a knee brace, splint or cane to take some of the weight off the affected knee from time to time.
These drugs can be very helpful in reducing knee pain but need to be taken with caution for they can have serious side effects, Always take them according to their directions or the instructions of your specialist. Listen to your body and consult with your doctor or specialist should you notice any side effects.
KNEE JOINT REPLACEMENT
Knee joint replacement or arthroplasty is a last resort treatment. It entails replacing part or all of the knee joint with special artificial components that mimic a real joint. It involves surgery and is carried out by an orthopedic surgeon.
For more information on knee joint replacement see this post- What is Knee Arthroscopy.